High School Courses

 

 

 

COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

The following is a list of classes taught at Central Valley Christian Academy. At any time the class description can be updated without prior notification.

ENGLISH

English I

English I will prepare students for the English classes, and work to improves students’ ability to understand and communicate with one another. This course will introduce expository essay writing and speaking, enable students to understand the basic uses of grammatical mechanics, explore the elements of literature, and focus on reading comprehension and story telling. Students will utilize their textbook, Prentice Hall Literature Level 9, Daily Grammar Practice 9, various assigned novels, and the CVCA library as resources throughout the academic year. Students will also practice creative writing in poetry, short story, and descriptive writing assignments.

  • Prerequisites: None
  • Grade: 9
  • Credit: 10 units

English II

English II will continue the same emphases as English I with the addition of speeches and poetry analysis. Students will learn the effectiveness of presentation and discover the forms of reasoning to determine the validity of the persuasive argument and how it is structured. Students will also analyze poetic devices in order to derive meaning and use from classical and modern poetry. The mechanics of writing and vocabulary will also be expanded as students learn to write on a variety of topics. Students will use Prentice Hall Literature 10, Daily Grammar Practice 10, various novels, the CVCA library, and the Internet as resources throughout the academic year.

  • Prerequisites: None
  • Grade: 10
  • Credit: 10 unit

English III
English III continues to develop student’s ability to comprehend and appreciate all forms of literature and the ability to communicate their ideas effectively orally and in writing through a study of American Literature.

  • Prerequisites: None
  • Grade: 11
  • Credit: 10 units

English IV
English IV continues to develop the student’s ability to comprehend and appreciate all forms of literature and the ability to communicate their ideas effectively orally and in writing through a study of British Literature. In addition to literary studies students will be studying linguistics as it pertains to the development of the English language.

  • Prerequisites: None
  • Grade: 12
  • Credit: 10 units

AP English: Literature and Composition
AP English Literature and Composition is a College Board-approved class in which students will engage in close reading and critical analysis of literature in preparation for taking the AP exam at the end of the academic year.  This rigorous course is designed to bring high school seniors to the college level in their critical thinking, reading and writing skills.

  • Prerequisites: English III
  • Grade: 12
  • Credit: 10 units

 FINE ARTS

Art & Drawing
Art and Drawing is an elective course which will fulfill the Fine Arts requirements. This class combines artistic perception, creative expression, historical and cultural context, aesthetic valuing as well as application. Students will learn the basic elements of design theory and will have the opportunity to showcase their work.

  • Prerequisites: None
  • Grade: 9-12
  • Credit: 5 units

Concert Choir and Concert Band
The Concert Choir and Concert Band experience a wide variety of music ranging from Renaissance and Baroque to the twentieth century. Performances include both sacred and secular music. Objectives for students enrolled include technique, improved ability to read music, and appreciation of a wide variety of musical styles.

  • Prerequisites: An audition to determine placement
  • Grade: 9 – 12
  • Credit: 10 units per year

LIFE SKILLS

Automotive Shop
Automotive Shop I is an introductory class consisting of learning the fundamentals.  Topics include shop safety and shop practices, hand tool instructions, equipment operating instructions, hazardous wastes handling and disposal, career awareness, consumer awareness, and the operating principles of all major components of the automobile including the engine, transmission, drive lines, differentials, steering, brakes, suspensions, etc.

  • Prerequisites: None
  • Grade: 9
  • Credit: 10 units

Home Arts
This class covers areas of nutrition, food preparation principles, interior design, sewing, textiles, and a short introduction to industrial arts.

  • Prerequisites: None
  • Grade: 9
  • Credit: 5 units

 

MATHEMATICS

Business Math
This class covers consumer education, advertising, credit analysis, buying a car and other major purchases, filling out tax forms, budgeting, banking and saving and all aspects of personal and business life requiring mathematical skills.

  • Prerequisites: None
  • Recommended Grade: 12
  • Credit: 10 Units

Pre-Algebra
Pre-Algebra covers a combination of arithmetic skills and an introduction to algebra. This course is designed to strengthen the basic math skills required for algebra and other math classes.

  • Prerequisites: None
  • Grade: 9
  • Credit: 10 units

Algebra I
Algebra I includes a study of functions, set theory, positive and negative numbers, equations and inequalities, factoring, graphing, radicals and quadratics with problem-solving and applications emphasized throughout the course. The use of a graphing calculator is encouraged.

  • Prerequisites: Adequate scores on algebraic aptitude test or past teacher recommendation.
  • Grade: 9 – 10
  • Credit: 10 units

Algebra II
Algebra II includes advanced algebra, extending knowledge of functions, graphing, sequences, and series. The college-bound student or one who is headed for scientific and technical fields will find Algebra II useful. A graphing calculator is required.

  • Prerequisites: Algebra I with a grade of C or better
  • Grade: 11
  • Credit: 10 units

Geometry
Geometry is a college-preparatory course which includes a study of mathematical logic and its application to geometric figures. This course emphasizes plane geometry and addresses deductive and inductive reasoning, ratio and proportion, congruence and similarity, algebraic applications to geometric figures, and coordinate geometry.

  • Prerequisites: Algebra I with a grade of C or better.
  • Grade: 10
  • Credit: 10 units

Pre-Calculus
Advanced math is an in-depth study of functions, graphs, trigonometry, data analysis, limits and an introduction of calculus. The college-bound student or one who is headed for scientific and technical fields will find Pre-Calculus useful. This course will enable a student to go directly into Calculus I. A graphing calculator is required.

  • Prerequisites: Algebra II
  • Grade: 12
  • Credit: 10 units

MODERN LANGUAGE

Spanish I
Spanish I is a class designed to acquaint the student with the basics of the Spanish language. Grammar, vocabulary, reading, writing, and audio comprehension are emphasized. Cultural analysis of Latin America and comparative linguistics (using English grammatical structure to compare Spanish structure) are also important areas covered in this initial year of language study.

  • Prerequisites: None
  • Grade: 11
  • Credit: 10 units

Spanish II
Spanish II is a continuation of the grammar, vocabulary, reading, writing, and audio comprehension begun in Spanish I. In addition, there is an emphasis on the development of reading comprehension and a concentrated effort on teaching the student to converse using the target language on an beginning level. Cultural analysis and appreciation for cultural diversity is integrated into the curriculum to give students a broader world view and a respect for other cultures and individuals

  • Prerequisites: Spanish I
  • Grade: 12
  • Credit: 10 units

MUSIC

In the course offerings of the CVCA Music Department there are two primary objectives: educational and performance. In the education component, students are given opportunity to learn the language of music and to develop the techniques necessary to sing or play with skill and confidence. In performance, students are given opportunities to exhibit their growing musical abilities, and to develop poise and confidence in a public setting. Performance is also the means of sharing God given talents with others. Performance settings include churches, schools, clubs and concerts at CVCA.

In participating in the musical experience at CVCA, students should learn both the pleasure and the responsibility involved in making music. It is required that members of all groups will participate in rehearsals and performances. Commitment to any performing ensemble is shown through attendance at all rehearsals/concerts and through a positive attitude. Students wishing to participate in the Music Dept. Spring Tour MUST join a performance ensemble at the beginning of the school year. Students will not be allowed to join at the semester except in extenuating circumstances at the director’s discretion. The individual group members will fund the cost of uniforms and major tours. A limited number of group fundraisers will be organized to help the students in their efforts to pay for such costs. It is assumed that members of all groups will participate in rehearsals and performances.

Concert Choir
The main vocal group of the music department, the choir experiences a wide variety of music ranging from Renaissance and Baroque to the twentieth century. Performances include both sacred and secular music. Objectives for students enrolled in choir include correct vocal technique, clear diction, improved ability to read music, and appreciation of a wide variety of musical styles. (This course meets the Fine Arts requirement).

  • Prerequisites: An audition to determine placement
  • Grade: 9 – 12
  • Credit: 10 units per year

Symphonic Band
The main instrumental group of the music department, the concert band experiences both sacred and secular music in a variety of styles from Baroque and Classical to pop music. Objective for students in concert Band include development of correct technique on the instrument, tone quality, sight-reading ability, musicianship, and appreciation of a wide variety of musical styles.

  • Prerequisites: An audition to determine proficiency on an instrument
  • Grade: 9 – 12
  • Credit: 10 units per year

Private Lessons
Individualized instruction is available on a limited basis. Private students may start as beginners or work wherever their development indicates is appropriate. Consistent, regular practice is required. There is an additional fee for private lessons.

  • Prerequisites: None
  • Grade: 9 – 12
  • Credit: 1 – 2 units

PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND HEALTH

Physical Education
Basic Physical Education consists primarily of these seven areas: Fundamental Fitness, Organic Development, Neuromuscular Development, Social Development, Spiritual Growth, Safety Awareness and Good Hygiene Practice.
These goals are achieved through daily calisthenics and a wide variety of team, dual and individual sports. Fitness levels will be tested each semester. Special emphasis will be placed on carry-over values that will help students in their post-high school years.

  • Prerequisites: None
  • Grade: 9 – 12
  • Credit: 10 units per year

Gymnastics
The Gymnastics Team class will aid students in developing their skills in using such gymnastics apparatus as the mini tramp, ground tumbling, vaulting, and pyramid building. The team will participate in tours and programs during the school year. Because one of the objectives of the gymnastics team is to promote good school public relations, solid citizenship and academic standing is required. Expense of uniforms and tours are to be funded by gym team members.

  • Prerequisites: Satisfactory performance during tryouts
  • Grade: 9 – 12
  • Credit: 10 units

Health
Health class offers an introduction to the structure and function of the human body, disease and public health concerns, and the importance of lifestyle and exercise to health and longevity.

  • Prerequisites: None
  • Grade: 10
  • Credit: 5 units

Religion

Religion I
Religion I focuses on the study of origins as presented in the book of Genesis and the life of Jesus as presented in the book of Matthew. Specific topics from Genesis include the origin and history of the Scriptures, the nature of inspiration, the creation of the earth and the origin of man, and the origins of family relationships. The focus of study from the book of Matthew is on the life and teachings of Jesus, the plan of salvation, and the relevance of these topics to our lives today.

  • Prerequisites: None
  • Grade: 9
  • Credit: 10 units

Religion II
This class is a study of God’s chosen people from the Exodus out of Egypt to 20th century Christianity. The four areas of study include 1) The history of the relationship between God and His people from Exodus to the Crucifixion, 2) the Christian church in the New Testament, 3) the Protestant Reformation, and 4) the history of the Seventh-day Adventist Church.

  • Prerequisites: None
  • Grade: 10
  • Credit: 10 units

Religion III
Religion III concentrates on three areas of the Christian life, from salvation to the final victory of God over sin. The three main areas of study include: 1) The book of Romans and the reasons for Christ’s first coming, how salvation is a gift – not earned but accepted, and that Christian works are a response to something already received, 2) students will study the scriptures for themselves and come to their own conclusions on key Bible doctrines, and 3) the closing events of this world’s history, the second coming of Christ to claim those who have accepted Him, and the final destruction of sin.

  • Prerequisites: None
  • Grade: 11
  • Credit: 10 units

Religion IV
This is a course of study of the Bible and the Spirit of Prophecy principles in the areas of spiritual and personal development, vocational choice, dating, the Christian home and a Christian’s involvement with church and community. Students participate in activities, which provide experience in financial management, decision making, and developing communication and relationship skills.

  • Prerequisites: None
  • Grade: 12
  • Credit: 10 units

SCIENCE

Biology
Biology is a college-preparatory laboratory science which presents an introduction to a variety of biological principles and to the methods and techniques of science. Included are the fundamentals of cellular biology, genetics, ecology, taxonomy, and microbiology and a survey of the kingdoms of organisms. Field trips and projects provide hands-on experiences with organisms and ecosystems that support and reinforce the premise that the natural world is the result of design and creation.

  • Prerequisites: None
  • Grade: 10
  • Credit: 10 units

Physical Science
This course provides the student with an introduction to the earth and physical sciences. Topics of study include geology, meteorology, oceanography, astronomy, fundamentals of chemistry and physics, and electronics.

  • Prerequisites: None
  • Grade: 9
  • Credit: 10 units

Chemistry
Chemistry is a college-preparatory laboratory science covering the principles of chemistry, including atomic structure, the periodic table, bonding, chemical names and formulas, chemical equations, gas laws, chemical kinetics, equilibrium, acids and bases, oxidation and reduction, and electrochemistry.

  • Prerequisites: Algebra I with grade of C or better (concurrent enrollment in Algebra II recommended)
  • Grade: 11
  • Credit: 10 units

Physics
This is a study of the order in the physical universe with an emphasis on a conceptual understanding of the laws that rule the universe. The major topics covered are mechanics, heat, light, sound and electricity.

  • Prerequisites: Algebra I
  • Grade: 12
  • Credit: 10 units

SOCIAL SCIENCE

World History
World history is an examination of civilization and its development from ancient times to 21st Century. This course identifies how geography, society, government and religion influence peoples and their cultures.

  • Prerequisites: None
  • Grade: 10
  • Credit: 10 units

American History
American History class is designed to acquaint each student with certain ideas, functions and attitudes that Americans have today, as well as to learn where these particular attitudes came from. An emphasis is placed on the study of past civilizations and then specifically concentrated on the 200 years of US History and its relationship to world history. Also included is the study of geography, key people and key events, governmental concepts, analysis of “block” periods of American history, and the role of Seventh-day Adventists in US History.

  • Prerequisites: None
  • Grade: 11
  • Credit: 10 units

American Government
United States Government class is designed to acquaint students with the basic form of the American federal system. An historical perspective combined with a current analysis of the federal system is at the heart of the class. Students are encouraged to discover for themselves what liberty and democracy really are. An emphasis is placed on the constitution as the basis for American government, responsibilities of the national and state governments, and the duties of a responsible citizen. Finally, the exploration of the basic concepts of the separation of church and state are covered.

  • Prerequisites: None
  • Grade: 12
  • Credit: 5 units

Economics
This course demonstrates how economic principles influence the daily lives of Americans with specific attention given to consumer spending, borrowing, saving and investing. This course also emphasizes the study of how individuals and societies make decisions about the use of national resources, labor, time and money. The student is introduced to basic economic terminology and to the everyday application of basic economic principles.

  • Prerequisites: None
  • Grade: 12
  • Credit: 5 units

Honors American Government / Economics
This course includes the integration of literature, government, and economics with an emphasis being placed on collegiate skills such as critical thinking, reading and discussion. Students will participate individually and in cooperative groups on projects that develop writing, speaking, listening, and teamwork skills through a thematic approach which uses primary documents, plays, speeches, poetry, novels, short stories and non-fiction. Texts may include: The Constitution, Federalist Papers, Federal legislation, Brown v. Board of Education, Inaugural speeches, and political memoirs.

  • Prerequisites: Application and selection into the Honors Program
  • Grade: 12
  • Credit: 10 units graded on a 5-point scale

Honors American History
A course in American history designed to more fully prepare the student for the level of thinking required to succeed in college and professional careers. Students will be challenged to develop their cognitive skills to their fullest ability. The curriculum emphasizes research and high levels of conceptual thinking. Class projects will enable the students to closely examine the relationships between the social, political, cultural and literary aspects of the American people throughout the nation’s history and explore the consequences of those relationships. Texts may include: A Midwife’s Tale, Incidents in the Life of A Slave Girl, and Looking Back.

  • Prerequisites: Application and selection into the Honors Program
  • Grade: 11
  • Credit: 10 units graded on a 5-point scale

TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION

Computer Applications I
Students will learn three core components of computing. The first is Computing Fundamentals where we examine the hardware and software components of a computer and how it functions as well as covering basic skills in a Windows operating system. The second is Key Applications where we cover Microsoft Word, Excel, and PowerPoint skills. The third is Living Online where we cover data and networking basics, email applications, and Internet tools and their use. Students have a chance to take the internationally recognized IC3 (Internet and Computing Core Certification) exams with the possibility of receiving college credit.

  • Prerequisites: Semester of Keyboarding with a grade of C or better or permission of instructor.
  • Grade: 9
  • Credit: 5 units

Computer Applications II
Students will advance their study of Microsoft Word and Excel. The following topics are covered in Word: sharing and maintaining documents, formatting content, applying page layout and reusable content, including illustrations and graphics in a document, proofreading documents, applying references and hyperlinks, and performing mail merge operations. The following topics are covered in Excel: managing the worksheet environment, creating cell data, formatting cells and worksheets, managing worksheets and workbooks, applying formulas and functions, presenting data visually, sharing worksheet data with other users, and analyzing and organizing data. Students have a chance to take the internationally recognized MOS (Microsoft Office Specialist) exams for Word and Excel.

  • Prerequisites: Keyboarding with a C or better and Computer Applications I with a C or better.
  • Grade: 10
  • Credit: 5 Units

VOCATIONAL Arts

Journalism
Journalism is a class for students to develop the school newspaper and yearbook. Students will learn and put into immediate practice: photography guidelines, color and design, layout, interview techniques, captioning pictures, short article writing, publishing, and fundraising. Students will learn how to use In Design and Photoshop while creating the yearbook. Ownership of a digital camera is recommended, but not required.

  • Prerequisites: Application and acceptance by instructor
  • Grade: 9 – 12
  • Credit: 10 units